The destroyers of PRC

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Type 052B Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG)
A new type of large surface combatant, reportedly designated as Type 052B, is currently under construction at Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai. This class is believed to be a large guided missile destroyer with the fleet air-defence capability, comparable to the U.S. Navy Arleigh Burke Class Aegis DDG. The first ship was launched in May 2002, followed by the second ship in late 2002.
Compared to the Type 051B (Luhai Class) which was launched four years ago, the new destroyer obviously incorporates even more stealth features -- the sides of the vessel are sloped to minimise radar cross section and the profiles of external features have been much reduced.
The Type 052B may be powered by a CODOG propellation system with the Ukraine DA-80/DN-80 gas turbines. The helicopter hanger and flying deck are located on the aft deck, accommodating two Harbin Z-9 or Ka-28 ASW helicopters.
Detailed information on weapon and radar systems is unkown. Apart from the YJ-8 anti-ship missiles, a shipborne vertical launch variant of the indigenous HQ-9 air defence missile system may be installed. The HQ-9 is said to incorporate Russian S-300 and U.S. Patriot technologies, and has been under development since the early 1990s. Together with the 3D phased array radar and C3I systems, the HQ-9 could provide a decent area defence capability for a surface fleet or aircraft carrier combat group.
The registration number 168 implies that the first ship of the Type 052B will possibily be deployed in the South Sea Fleet. Once commisioned, the destroyer will become the core of the surface fleets in the PLAN.Type 052B Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG)
A new type of large surface combatant, reportedly designated as Type 052B, is currently under construction at Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai. This class is believed to be a large guided missile destroyer with the fleet air-defence capability, comparable to the U.S. Navy Arleigh Burke Class Aegis DDG. The first ship was launched in May 2002, followed by the second ship in late 2002.
Compared to the Type 051B (Luhai Class) which was launched four years ago, the new destroyer obviously incorporates even more stealth features -- the sides of the vessel are sloped to minimise radar cross section and the profiles of external features have been much reduced.
The Type 052B may be powered by a CODOG propellation system with the Ukraine DA-80/DN-80 gas turbines. The helicopter hanger and flying deck are located on the aft deck, accommodating two Harbin Z-9 or Ka-28 ASW helicopters.
Detailed information on weapon and radar systems is unkown. Apart from the YJ-8 anti-ship missiles, a shipborne vertical launch variant of the indigenous HQ-9 air defence missile system may be installed. The HQ-9 is said to incorporate Russian S-300 and U.S. Patriot technologies, and has been under development since the early 1990s. Together with the 3D phased array radar and C3I systems, the HQ-9 could provide a decent area defence capability for a surface fleet or aircraft carrier combat group.
The registration number 168 implies that the first ship of the Type 052B will possibily be deployed in the South Sea Fleet. Once commisioned, the destroyer will become the core of the surface fleets in the PLAN.
Sovremenny Class (Project 956) Missile Destroyer
NAME Russian Designation: Project 956A/E, Sovremenny Class
INVENTORY (2+2)
Number Name Fleet Laid Down Launched Commissoned
136 Hangzhou East Sea Fleet 1978 30 Apr 1981 1987
137 Fuzhou East Sea Fleet 1978 30 Apr 1981 1987
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PROGRAMME
Under a September 1996 agreement Russia sold two uncompleted Project 956A Sovremenny Class missile destroyers (DDG) to China. They are hull 18, ex-Soviet Navy Vazhny and later renamed as Yekaterinbugr (698) by the Russian Navy, with two-thirds of building complete, and hull 19, ex-Russian Navy Alexandr Nevsky with only one-third complete. Both ships were laid down in the late 1980s by the North Shipyard in St. Petersburg and their construction was suspended in 1995 due to lack of funds.
In December 1999 the first ship 136 Hanzhou was completed and delivered to the PLA Navy. The second ship 137 Fuzhou began its sea trial in 1999 and was handed to the PLAN in December 2000. Both ships are controlled by the PLAN East Sea Fleet and stationed in their homeport at Zhoushan base. China received 50 3M-80E Moskit (NATO code-name: SS-N-22 Sunburn) anti-ship missiles by mid-2000. The first test launch took place in 2001.
In 2002 China reportedly ordered another two Sovremenny Class destroyers from Russia, for a total of 4 ships in service by 2010. The two ships are said to be the modified Project 956E variant, which will be equipped with the latest anti-ship missiles and vertically launched air-defence missiles for greater capabilities.
DESIGN FEATURES
The displacement of Sovremenny Class exceeds that of most Chinese indigenous surface warships by roughly at least 50%, indicative of the overall improvement in combat potential. The steam turbine used in the main engine of this class is suitable for extended high-speed voyages, and this class has very high endurance, three times China's Luda class and twice the Luhu class.
Despite having less ASW capability than the Russian Udaloy Class, and less strike capability than the Slava Class, the Sovremenny Class provides the PLAN with a balanced platform that vastly exceeds the capabilities of domestic designs. The PLAN wishes to use the Sovremenny Class to fulfil the gap in its combat capability before the new indigenous destroyers can be built in a significant number. The weapon and other technologies on the Sovremenny Class can also be used in developing China’s own indigenous warships.
WEAPONS: The Project 956 Sovremenny Class was designed in the 1970s to confront the U.S. Navy Aegis cruisers and aircraft carrier combat groups. The Sovremenny Class was designed primarily for surface action operations. The most lethal weapon on this destroyer is the eight 3M-80E Moskit (SS-N-22 Suburn) supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles, which can attack surface targets 160 km away at a speed of 2.5 Mach. The Sovremenny Class is also fitted with two 9M38/SA-N-7 Gadfly SAM launchers capable of area-defence.
AIR DEFENCE: Historically the biggest weakness of Chinese destroyers and frigates has been their inadequate of ship-to-air missiles. Each large destroyer of the Sovremenny Class has two ship-to-air missile launchers, equipped with 48 SA-N-7 "Gadfly" 9M38) or SA-N-17 "Grizzly" (9M38M2) semi-active radar-guidance intermediate-range air defence missiles. The SA-N-7 Gadfly is similar to the US Standard ship-to-air missiles and is considered one of the world's most effective intermediate-range ship-to-air missiles today. The SA-N-17 Grizzly air defence missile is an improved version of the SA-N-7 Gadfly with more advanced performance. On the other hand, these ship-to-air missiles with a firing range of 25 km only serve to protect the fleet from air raids and to provide air defence cover when landing on islands. There is no capability of screening in-depth landing operations, still less of penetrating the fighter/strike plane attack zones in the coastal waters of an adversary.
ASW: Although the ships are equipped with self-defence antisubmarine weapons such as torpedoes and Ka-28 helicopters, the design does not place much emphasis on its antisubmarine capability. They are not equipped with the large and expensive towed sonar array and antisubmarine missile system that are commonly found on US and Japanese warships.
COMMAND AND CONTROL: The ship's combat systems can use target designation data from the ship's active and passive sensors, from other ships in the fleet, from surveillance aircraft or via a communications link from the ship's helicopter. The multi-channel defence suite is capable of engaging several targets simultaneously.
SPECIFICATIONS
Displacement: Standard load 6,500 tons; Full load 7,940 tons; Maximum load 8,480 tons
Dimensions: Length x beam x draft 156.5 x 17 2 x 5.99 metres
Propulsion: Main propulsion steam turbine, Power 2 x 50,000 horsepower, High pressure boilers 4; Propellers 2 fixed pitch propellers
Generating Capacity: Turbogenerators 2 x 1,250 kW; Diesel generators 4 x 600 kW
Crew: 344 crew
Performance: Full speed 32.7 knots; Economic speed 18 knots; Range at full speed 1,345 miles; Range at economic speed 3,920 miles; Range at 18 knots maximum fuel 4,500 miles; Endurance 30 days
Missiles: 3M-80E Moskit (Mosquito) (SS-N-22 Sunburn) antiship Missile System, two 4-cell launchers with 8 antiship missiles; active/passive radar homing to 160 km at 2.5 (attack 4.5) Mach, warhead 300 kg, sea skimmer
9M38 (SA-N-7 Gadfly) SAM, two single launchers with 48 air defence missiles; semi-active radar and IR homing to 25 km at 3 Mach, warhead 70 kg, multiple channels of fire
Guns: Four 130 mm/70 calibre AK-130 multi-purpose guns (two twin), with 2,000 rounds, 35~45 rd/min to 29.5 km;
Four six-barrel 30 mm AK-630 air defence gun with 16,000 cartridges, 3,000 rd/min to 2 km
Torpedos: 2 twin-barrel 533 mm torpedo tubes
A/S Mortars: Two six-barrel RBU-1000 anti-submarine rocket launchers, range 1,000 m, warhead 55 kg, 120 rockets carried for torpedo countermeasures
Mines: Maine rails for up to 40 mines
Radar (Air search): Top Plate 3D, D/E-band
Radar (Surface search): 3 Palm Frond, I-band
Radar (Fire-control): 6 Front Dome, F-band (for SA-N-7 control); Kite Screach, H/I/K-band (for 130 mm gun control); 2 Bass Tilt, H/I-band (for 30 mm gun)
Weapons Control: 1 China optronic director and laser rangefinder; Band Stand, datalink for SS-N-22; Bell Nest, 2 Light Bulb, and 2 Tee Pump datalinks
Countermeasures: Decoys: 8 PK10 and 2 PK2 chaff launchers; ECM/ESM: 4 Football, 6 Half Cup laser warner
Sonars: Bull Horn (Platina) and Whale Tongue, hull-mounted, active search and attack, medium frequency
Helicopters: Ka-28 helicopter, aviation fuel stock 5 tons
Luhai Class (Type 051B) Missile Destroyer
NAME PLA Official Designation: Type 051B
NATO Code-Name: Luhai Class
BUILDER: Dalian Shipyard
INVENTORY (1)
Number Name Fleet Laid Down Launched Commissoned
167 Shenzhen South Sea Fleet 1978 30 Apr 1981 1987
PROGRAMME
The Luhai Class (Type 051B, previously known as Type 054) multirole destroyer represents a significantly development of the Luda Class (Type 051) and Luhu Class (Type 052) destroyer designs, with some evident radar signature reduction features, improved anti-ship missiles, and (eventually) significant air defence enhancements.
The first and only unit, 167 Shenzhen, was completed in 1999 and entered service. Luhai Class is 2,000 tons larger than the previous Luhu Class, and is equiped with sixteen YJ-83 (C-803) antiship missiles (SSMs), an 8-cell HQ-7 SAM launcher, and two Harbin Z-9C ASW helicoptors.
The HQ-7 (Cortale) short-range SAM appears ineffective against modern sea-skimming missiles attacking from multiple directions. The configuration of the ship indicates that a vertical launch system (VLS) may eventually installed, though this was not fitted on the initial stage apparently due to delays in the development of the indigenous HQ-9 anti-aircraft missile.
DESIGN FEATURES
Luhai Class has a fairly modern style hull design incorporated with certain stealth features including a streamlined upper structure with inclined angle, two solid masts with fewer protruding electronic sensor arrays.
One notable difference from the previous indigenous surface combatants is that all antisubmarine multi-barrel rocket launchers have been deleted. Another improvement from the Luhu Class is that the deck-mounted automatic loader system for the HQ-7 SAM system has been moved to the compartment under the deck.
Surprisingly, instead of being powered by the Ukrainian gas turbine as previously reported, Luhai Class actually uses a locally manufactured boilers (Type 453B?) which give it a top speed of 30kt. The reasons behind this are unknown, but that's probably why only one ship has been built so far.
SPECIFICATIONS
Displacement: (standard) 5,000 tons; (full load) 6,600 tons
Dimensions: N/A   Propulsion: Steam turbines; 4 boilers; 2 turbines; 2 shafts
Speed: 30 knots  Range: N/A   Crew: 250 (40 officers)
Radar (Air search): Type 381C 3D long-range air search, G-band; Type 517H-1 Knife Rest 2D long-range air search, A-Band; Type 360 surface search air/surface search, E/F-band
Radar (Surface search): China ESR-1, I-band
Radar (Navigation): Racal Decca-1290, J-band
Radar (Fire control): Type 347G, I-band (SSM and 100 mm gun targeting); 2 X China EFR-1/Rice Lamp, I-Band (dual 37 mm automatic AAA); Thomson CSF Castor-II or its Chinese copy (for HQ-7 SAM control), I/J-band
Sonar: DUBV-23 Hull mounted, active search and attack, medium frequency
Combat Data System: Thomson-CSF TAVITAC, action data automation, SATCOM, Link W
Weapon Controls: 2 OFD-630 optronic directors
Countermeasures: Decoys, 2 SRBOC Mk-36 6-barrelled chaff launchers; 2 China 26-barrelled launchers
ESM/ECM: SRW-210A jammer; BM-8610 intercept and jammer
Missiles: 16 YJ-83 (C-803) SSMs, four 4-cell launchers; active radar homing to 160 km at 0.9 Mach, warhead 165 kg, sea skimmer
SAM: One 8-cell HQ-7 (Crotale) SAM launcher, semi-active radar/optical guidance to 163 km at 2.4 Mach, warhead 14 kg
Guns: 2 dual 100 mm/56 calibre main guns, 18 rd/min to 22 km, weight of shell 15 kg;
4 China dual 37 mm automatic AAA; 400 rd/min to 9.4 km
Torpedoes: 2 triple 324 mm tubes; Yu-7 (Mk-46 Mod 1) active/passive homing to 15 km at 43 kt, warhead 45 kg
Depth Charges: N/A    Mines: N/A
Aviation: Helicopter hanger and flight deck, two Ka-27/28 or Z-9C ASW helicopters
Luhu Class (Type 052) Missile Destroyer
NAMEPLA Official Designation: Type 052    NATO Code-Name: Luhu Class
BUILDER: Jiangnan Shipyard
INVENTORY (2)
Number Name Fleet Laid Down Launched Commissoned
112 Harbin North Sea Fleet Nov 1990 Oct 1991 July 1994
113 Qingdao North Sea Fleet Jan 1993 Oct 1993 Mar 1996

PROGRAMME
The Luhu Class (Type 052) missile destroyers are the most sophisticated Chinese-built surface combatants in the PLA Navy, but are still obsolete by Western standards. The first truly multirole Chinese ships, they were designed by the China Warship Design Institute (formerly known as the Seventh Academy of the Ministry of National Defence). They were built at the Jiangnan Shipyard, which had previously built ten other types of warships, including its first gunboat, first submarine, first frigate, and first marine survey ship. The Luhu Class are armed with eight C-802 anti-ship missiles, along with HQ-7/Crotale air defence missiles and one helicopter.
Compared to the old Luda Class, this class represents a significant step forward in terms of weapon and electronic systems. The Luhu Class destroyer is the first Chinese naval system of indigenous design even approaching modern standards. But the decision to buy Sovremenny-class destroyers from Russia to accomplish the same functions is indicative of the problems confronting Chinese weapons designers. The Luhu Class air-defence systems lack a fleet defence capability beyond visual range.
The 112 Harbin currently is the flagship of the PLAN North Sea Fleet. This ship and two other Chinese warships visited San Diego CA on 21 March 1997 in the first-ever visit by People's Republic of China Navy ships to the mainland US. The ships visited Hawaii on their way to Southern California for the second part of a goodwill visit between the US and Chinese navies.
DESIGN FEATURES
The two Luhu Class ships make use of over 40 advanced foreign technologies, providing the Chinese military with an opportunity to cooperate with foreign manufacturers on an extensive scale. Among the western equipments on the Luhu Class is the Thomson-CSF TAVITAC combat data system, the Thomson-CSF TSR 3004 Sea Tiger Air/Surface search radars, and French-made guns, obtained in the 1980s when Western countries were still helping China with its military modernization programmes.
Historically the biggest weakness of Chinese destroyers and frigates has been their inadequate of ship-to-air missiles. Because they have small displacements, most of the destroyers and frigates are not equipped with short-range and intermediate-range missiles, but use artillery with a limited firing range, one-man air defence missiles, and a small number of PL-8 short-range ship-to-air missiles for air defence. The weakness in air defence capabilities has confined the activity of China's destroyers and frigates to the Chinese coastal waters, within the area covered by the fighters of the Chinese Navy. The new Luhu Class destroyers and Jiangwei class frigates are equipped with relatively advanced ship-to-air missiles, such as HQ-61B's with a firing range of 10 km and HQ-7/Crotale with a firing range of 14 km, giving the Chinese Navy full capabilities of air defence in distant seas.
Another weakness of previous PLAN destroyers is their poor electronic surveillance system, which renders their vulnerable to being located and attacked. Reportedly China has introduced improved electronics systems, including technology acquired from the US and France, on the Luhu Class.
VARIANTS
Although being categorised as the same class, the first ship 112 Harbin and the second ship 113 Qingdao have different power plant and other systems configurations. While 112 is equipped with two US-made GE LM2500 gas turbine engines, the second ship 113 uses the Ukrainian AM50 gas turbines as its main engine, with a redesigned funnel to reduce IR signature.
Generally speaking, 113 has more Chinese indigenous contents than 112, for example, 112 uses a French-made Crotale SAM system, while 113 is fitted with a HQ-7, which is a Chinese copy of the Crotale. The Thomson-CSF Sea Tiger air/surface search radar on 112 was also replaced by the indigenous Type 360 search radar on 113.
SPECIFICATIONS
Displacement: (standard) 4,200 tons; (full load) 4,800 tons
Dimensions: Length 144 m; Beam 16 m, Draft 5.1 m
Propulsion: CODOG, (112) 2 X GE LM2500 gas turbines, 55,000 hp (41 MW) sustained, or (113) 2 X Ukraine AM50 gas turbines, 48,600 hp (35.7 MW); 2 MTU 12V 1163TB83 diesels, 8,840 hp (6.5 MW) sustained; 2 shafts; CP props
Speed: 31 knots   Range: 5,000 miles at 15 kt   Crew: 260 (40 officers)
Radar (Air search): Hai Ying long-range air search, G-band; (112) Thomson-CSF TSR-3004 Sea Tiger air/surface search, E/F-band, or (113) Type 360 air/surface search, E/F-band
Radar (Surface search): China ESR-1, I-band
Radar (Navigation): Racal Decca-1290, J-band
Radar (Fire control): Type 347G, I-band (SSM and 100 mm gun targeting); 2 X China EFR-1/Rice Lamp, I-Band (dual 37 mm automatic AAA); Thomson CSF Castor-II or its Chinese copy (for HQ-7 SAM control), I/J-band
Sonar: DUBV-23 Hull mounted, active search and attack, medium frequency; DUBV-43 VDS, active attack, medium frequency
Combat Data System: Thomson-CSF TAVITAC, action data automation, SATCOM, Link W
Weapon Controls: 2 GDG-775 optronic directors
Countermeasures: Decoys, 2 SRBOC Mk-36 6-barrelled chaff launchers; 2 China 26-barrelled launchers
ESM/ECM: BM-8610 intercept and jammer
Missiles: 8 YJ-8 (C-801) SSMs, four 2-cell launchers; active radar homing to 80 km at 0.9 Mach, warhead 165 kg, sea skimmer
SAM: One 8-cell Crotale/HQ-7 SAM launcher, semi-active radar/optical guidance to 163 km at 2.4 Mach, warhead 14 kg
Guns: 2 dual 100 mm/56 calibre main guns, 18 rd/min to 22 km, weight of shell 15 kg;
4 China dual 37 mm automatic AAA; 400 rd/min to 9.4 km
Torpedoes: 2 triple 324 mm tubes; Yu-7 (Mk-46 Mod 1) active/passive homing to 15 km at 43 kt, warhead 45 kg
A/S Mortars: 2 FQF-2500 12-tubed fix launchers, 120 rockets, range 1,200 m, warhead 34 kg, similar to USSR RBU-1200
Aviation: Helicopter hanger and flight deck, two Z-9C ASW helicopters
Luda-III Class (Type 051G/DT) Destroyer
NAME   PLA Official Designation: Type 051G/DT  NATO Code-Name: Luda-III Class
INVENTORY (3)
Number Name Fleet Type Builder
109 Kaifeng North Sea Fleet Type 051DT Dalian SY, Dalian
110 Dalian North Sea Fleet Type 051DT Dalian SY, Dalian
166 Zhuhai South Sea Fleet Type 051G Guangzhou SY, Guangzhou
PROGRAMME
109 Kaifeng was launched in the mid 1970s as a standard Type 051 (Luda-I) destroyer, and has been serving with the PLAN North Sea Fleet based at Lushun since then. Later the ship was chosen by the PLAN as a testbed for various new weapon systems. In the mid 1980s, 109 Kaifeng received its first refit, which replaced the aft twin-37 mm AAA with an 8-cell French Crotale SAM launcher and a DRBC-32E Castor-IIJ fire-control radar. Another ship that received same refit is 106 Xi’an.
In the late 1990s, 109 Kaifeng received its second major refit, which included replacing all manual twin 37 mm AAA with the automatic twin 37 mm AAA, and replacing the six HY-2 SSMs with sixteen (four 4-cell launchers) YJ-83 (C-803) SSMs. Other upgrades include new fire control radar, decoy chaff launchers, new command and control system, and datalinks.
After the second refit, the firepower of 109 Kaifeng is even greater than the improved Type 051G (Luda-III). It has the same air defence capability as the Type 052 (Luhu Calss) and the same anti-ship strike ability as the Type 051B (Luhai Class). However, due to the lack of the shipborne helicopter, 109 Kaifeng will reply on other ships or aircraft to provide target information for ‘over horizon’ attacks. 109 Kaifeng may become a template for upgrading other Type 051 destroyers.
110 Dalian is another upgraded ship based on Type 051 (Luda Class). The ship received a major refit in the late 1990s. The upgrade is similar to that of the 119 Kaifeng, including 16 YJ-83 SSMs, four automatic twin-37 mm AAA, new Type 360 and Type 347 search radar, etc. It can be expected that more Luda destroyers will have similar upgrade in the future.
166 Zhuhai built by Guangzhou Shipyard is the last ship of its class. The ship has a slightly larger displacement than the standard Type 051 (Luda-I), and was extensively fitted with various new weapon and radar systems. The ship is designated as Type 051G (G: Gai = Modified) by the PLAN and is called Luda-III Class by NATO. 166 Zhuhai can be viewed as a testbed for new weapons and C3I systems, which later became the standard configuration on the Type 052 (Luhu Class) multirole destroyer.
SPECIFICATIONS
Displacement: (standard) 3,250 tons; (full load) 3,750 tons
Dimensions: Length 132 m; Beam 12.8 m, Draft 4.6 m
Propulsion: Steam turbines; 4 boilers; 2 turbines, 72,000 hp (53 MW); 2 shafts
Speed: 32 knots    Range: 2,970 miles at 18 kt   Crew: 300 (45 officers)
Radar (Air search): Rice Shield/Sea Eagle (Hai Ying) long-range air search, G-band; Thomson-CSF TSR-3004 Sea Tiger air/surface search, E/F-band
Radar (Surface search): China ESR-1, I-Band  
Radar (Navigation): Racal Decca-1290, J-band
Radar (Fire control): Wasp Head or Type 343, G/H-band (SSM targeting); China EFR-1/Rice Lamp, I-Band (dual 37 mm automatic AAA); (109 also) DRBC-32E Castor-IIJ SAM control, I/J-band
Sonar: Hull mounted, Medium Frequency
Combat Data System: Thomson-CSF TAVITAC with Vega FCS
EW: Jug Pair (RW-23-1) intercept; 2 decoy chaff launchers
Missiles: (166) 8 YJ-8 (C-801) SSMs, four 2-cell launchers; active radar homing to 80 km at 0.9 Mach, warhead 165 kg, sea skimmer; or (109 and 110) 16 YJ-83 (C-803) SSMs, four 4-cell launchers; active radar homing to 160 km at 0.9 Mach, warhead 165 kg, sea skimmer
SAM: (109 only) One Crotale 8-cell launcher, Semi-active radar/optical guidance to 163 km at 2.4 Mach, warhead 14 kg
Guns: 2 USSR dual 130 mm/58 calibre main guns, 17 rd/min to 29 km, weight of shell 33.4 kg;4 China dual 37 mm automatic AAA; 400 rd/min to 9.4 km
Torpedoes: 2 triple 324 mm tubes; Yu-7 (Mk-46 Mod 1) active/passive homing to 15 km at 43 kt, warhead 45 kg
A/S Mortars: 2 FQF-2500 12-tubed fix launchers, 120 rockets, range 1,200 m, warhead 34 kg, similar to USSR RBU-1200
Depth Charges: 2 BMB projectors, 2 racks      Mines: 38
Luda Class (Type 051) Missile Destroyer
NAME   PLA Official Designation: Type 051  NATO Code-Name: Luda Class
INVENTORY (13)
Number Name Fleet Type Builder
105 Jinan North Sea Fleet Luda-II Dalian SY, Dalian
106 Xi'an North Sea Fleet Luda-I
107 Yinchuan North Sea Fleet Luda-I
108 Xining North Sea Fleet Luda-I
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131 Nanjing East Sea Fleet Luda-I Zhonghua SY, Shanghai
132 Hefei East Sea Fleet Luda-I
133 Chongqing East Sea Fleet Luda-I
134 Zunyi East Sea Fleet Luda-I
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161 Changsha South Sea Fleet Luda-I Guangzhou SY, Guangzhou
162 Naning South Sea Fleet Luda-I
163 Nanchang South Sea Fleet Luda-I
164 Guilin South Sea Fleet Luda-I
165 Zhanjiang South Sea Fleet Luda-I

PROGRAMME
In the late 1960s, China began its DF-5 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) programme, which required a variety of survey, observation, tracing, and logistic ships to support the full-range launch test from Jiuquan launch site in Gebi Desert of West China to the target area in the South Pacific Ocean. Since the PLA Navy did not have any surface combatant capable of escorting the fleet for foreign deployment, the Type 051 (Luda Class) destroyer was built for such a mission.
The Type 051 was the first Chinese-designed destroyer of such a capability to be built. First of class 105 Jinan was completed in 1971, and the last ship 166 Zhuhai was commissioned in the early 1990s. 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110 were built in Dalian Shipyard, and deployed in North Sea Fleet based at Qingdao. 131, 132, 133, 134 were built in Zhonghua Shipyard, Shanghai, and deployed in East Sea Fleet based at Ningbo.
Before the 1980s, the Taiwan Strait was under the control of the Nationalist Navy in Taiwan and ships built at Dalian and Shanghai could not be sent to South Sea Fleet through the strait. As a result, a new shipyard was established in Guangzhou in early 1970s to build Type 051 destroyers and Type 033 (Remeo Class) submarines for the South Sea Fleet. 160 (scrapped), 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166 were built in Guangzhou and deployed in South Sea Fleet based at Zhanjiang.
One of the destroyers 160 Guangzhou in South Sea Fleet was seriously damaged in an explosion in 1978, and was scrapped. 105 Jinan received a major refit in 1987 to add a flying deck and helicopter hanger, and was categoried as Luda-II by the NATO. 109 Kaifeng and 166 Zhuhai are categorised into Type 051G (Luda-III).
DESIGN FEATURES
The Type 051 is a general-duty surface combatant primiarily intended for anti-ship strikes. The HY-2 SSM is still regarded as a formidable weapon in against surface combatants without electronic countermeasures, and also effective in aginst fixed large targets on land.
The basic variant of the Type 051 has extremely poor air defence and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities, making the ship highly vulnerable to air and undersea attacks. As the backbone of the PLAN's surface fleet, the Type 051 is capable of patrol, artillery fire support, mine laying, and other general duties, but not suitable for highly intense modern sea battles.
The hull design of the Type 051 is similar to the deleted Soviet "Kotlin" Class, which emphasises heavily on high-speed performance. The stream turbine power plant gives a max speed of 32 knots, almost the highest among all surface combatants in the PLAN.
VARIANTS
Type 051: Also known as Luda-I Class. The basic version with two twin-barrel 130 mm main guns and 6 HY-2 anti-ship missiles. 13 ships in service.
Modified Type 051: Also known as Luda-II Class. Only one ship 105 Jinan, which was originally built as first of class basic variant Luda-I, and later received a major refit in 1987. Modifications include replacing the the aft main gun and anti-aircraft guns with a helicopter hanger and flying deck to carry two Harbin Z-9 ASW helicopters.
SPECIFICATIONS
Displacement: (standard) 3,250 tons; (full load) 3,670 tons
Dimensions: Length 132 m; Beam 12.8 m, Draft 4.6 m
Propulsion: Steam turbines; 4 boilers; 2 turbines, 72,000 hp (53 MW); 2 shafts
Speed: 32 knots  Range: 2,970 miles at 18 kt  Crew: 280 (up to 300 maximum, 45 officers)
Radar (Air search): Type 517A Knife Rest or Cross Slot 2D long-range air search, A-Band; or Bean Sticks or Pea Sticks long-range 2D air search, E/F-band; and Rice Screen 3D, G-band.
Radar (Surface search): Eye Shield 2D, E-band; Square Tie (in some units), I-Band
Radar (Navigation): Fin Curve or Racal Decca-1290, J-band
Radar (Fire control): Wasp Head or Type 343/Sun Visor B, G/H-band (SSM targeting)
Sonar: Hull mounted, Medium Frequency
Combat Data System: Thomson-CSF TAVITAC with Vega FCS (in some units)
EW: Jug Pair (RW-23-1) intercept
Missiles: 6 HY-2 (C-201)(CSS-N-3A Seersuker) SSMs, two triple launchers; active radar or IR homing to 95 km at 0.9 Mach, warhead 513 kg
Guns: 2 USSR dual 130 mm/58 calibre main guns (Luda-II: 1 dual), 17 rd/min to 29 km, weight of shell 33.4 kg;
4 China dual 57 mm Type 70 mannual AAA; 120 rd/min to 12 km; these are only fitted on some units, others are fitted with 4 dual Type 63 mannual AAA; 180 rd/min to 8.5 km; (105: 2 dual 37 mm mannual)     4 dual 25 mm USSR AAA, 270 rd/min to 3 km (105: 2 dual)
Torpedoes: 2 triple 324 mm tubes; Yu-7 (Mk-46 Mod 1) active/passive homing to 15 km at 43 kt, warhead 45 kg
A/S Mortars: 2 FQF-2500 12-tubed fix launchers, 120 rockets, range 1,200 m, warhead 34 kg, similar to USSR RBU-1200
Depth Charges: 2 or 4 BMB projectors, 2 or 4 racks (Luda-I)
Mines: 38
Aviation: (Luda-II only) aft helicopter deck and hangar, two Harbin Z-9 helicopters
坚持看。。。完了。。。顶。中国的驱逐舰
这样的排版看得很累……
fas.org??
怎么没有介绍052C的~还有054~
那是因为我还没有找到啊
以下是引用小小梳梳在2003-11-1 12:52:00的发言:
那是因为我还没有找到啊

哦~辛苦你了~
谢谢你为我们找了这么多的资料~[em09]
peifupeifu,wo kan bu dong!bu guo xie xie la!
[此贴子已经被作者于2004-1-12 18:59:16编辑过]
以下是引用xlc在2003-11-13 16:41:00的发言:
peifupeifu,wo kan bu dong!bu guo xie xie la!


这句最好翻译啦,我翻译翻译吧:佩服佩服,我看不懂,不过谢谢拉

其实看不懂不重要,我也看不懂,不过,多看看,不懂也能猜个半懂,卖油翁说:无他,唯手熟耳
以下是引用虾米在2004-1-12 19:06:00的发言:
[quote]以下是引用xlc在2003-11-13 16:41:00的发言:
peifupeifu,wo kan bu dong!bu guo xie xie la!


这句最好翻译啦,我翻译翻译吧:佩服佩服,我看不懂,不过谢谢拉

其实看不懂不重要,我也看不懂,不过,多看看,不懂也能猜个半懂,卖油翁说:无他,唯手熟耳
[/quote]

铝批~你可回来啦[em06][em06][em06]
以下是引用随缘飞在2004-1-12 20:56:00的发言:
铝批~你可回来啦[em06][em06][em06]


呵呵,前天终于解脱了.
不过明天就要回乡下老家去.[em00][em00]
[此贴子已经被作者于2004-3-3 19:56:48编辑过]
以下是引用小小梳梳在2003-6-9 19:08:00的发言:
Type 052B Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG)
A new type of large surface combatant, reportedly designated as Type 052B, is currently under construction at Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai. This class is believed to be a large guided missile destroyer with the fleet air-defence capability, comparable to the U.S. Navy Arleigh Burke Class Aegis DDG. The first ship was launched in May 2002, followed by the second ship in late 2002.
Compared to the Type 051B (Luhai Class) which was launched four years ago, the new destroyer obviously incorporates even more stealth features -- the sides of the vessel are sloped to minimise radar cross section and the profiles of external features have been much reduced.
The Type 052B may be powered by a CODOG propellation system with the Ukraine DA-80/DN-80 gas turbines. The helicopter hanger and flying deck are located on the aft deck, accommodating two Harbin Z-9 or Ka-28 ASW helicopters.
Detailed information on weapon and radar systems is unkown. Apart from the YJ-8 anti-ship missiles, a shipborne vertical launch variant of the indigenous HQ-9 air defence missile system may be installed. The HQ-9 is said to incorporate Russian S-300 and U.S. Patriot technologies, and has been under development since the early 1990s. Together with the 3D phased array radar and C3I systems, the HQ-9 could provide a decent area defence capability for a surface fleet or aircraft carrier combat group.
The registration number 168 implies that the first ship of the Type 052B will possibily be deployed in the South Sea Fleet. Once commisioned, the destroyer will become the core of the surface fleets in the PLAN.